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SUMMARY OF THE POLITICAL ACCORD TO ESTABLISH A NUNAVIK COMMISSION FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT

The Political Accord is a twelve-page document which contains ten sections and an Annex.

PREAMBLE

The preamble acknowledges work done by past Québec governments to establish self-government in Nunavik, notably by former premier René Lévesque in 1983, and formal negotiations which took place from 1994-1995, and 1997-1998.

It also acknowledges the Commission process as a successful means of developing self-government arrangements in both Greenland and Nunavut.

GENERAL PROVISION

The Political Accord provides for the creation of the Nunavik Commission which shall "develop a timetable, plan of action, and recommendations in a manner which will be ready for implementation in concrete terms, and which will serves as the basis for the discussions to create a government in Nunavik."

The territory covered by the Accord is the entire area within the limits of the Province of Québec, north of the 55th parallel, with the exception of category I lands for the Cree and Naskapi.

PARTIES

It is a tri-partite process with: Nunavik, Québec, and Canada.

The Nunavik Party is further composed of the following Nunavik organizations : Makivik Corporation, the Kativik Regional Government (KRG), the Kativik School Board (KSB), the Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services (NRBHSS), and the Kativik Regional Development Council (KRDC).

SIGNATORIES

Nunavik Party:  President of Makivik Corporation, 
Mr. Pita Aatami 
Québec :  Minister for Native Affairs, 
Mr. Guy Chevrette 

Minister for Intergovernmental Affairs, 
Mr. Joseph Facal 
 
Canada:  Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, 
Mr. Robert Nault

COMPOSITION OF NUNAVIK COMMISSION

  • Two Co-Chairpersons, and six Commissioners;
  • The Nunavik Party appoints one of the Co-Chairs, and two Commissioners;
  • The Government of Québec appoints one of the Co-chairs, and two Commissioners;
  • The Government of Canada appoints two Commissioners.

MANDATE OF THE COMMISSION

To make a comprehensive set of recommendations on the design, operation, and implementation of a government in Nunavik. The Commission will conduct community consultations with the Inuit and other concerned Aboriginal groups.

SCOPE OF RECOMMENDATIONS

  • The powers, jurisdictions, and responsibilities of the Nunavik Government;
  • The electoral process for members, selection of leader, and responsibilities of the Executive;
  • The administrative structure of the Nunavik Government, including administrative structures, and required personnel;
  • A plan of consolidation for the main Nunavik organizations: Kativik Regional Government, Kativik School Board, Kativik Regional Development Council, Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services, the Avataq Cultural Institute, and Taqramiut Nipingat Incorporated;
  • Amendments needed to the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement required for the creation of a Nunavik Government;
  • The relationships between governments, such as between the Nunavik and Québec Governments, Nunavik and Canada, Nunavik and Nunavut;
  • Financing, such as block funding arrangements with Québec, funding arrangements with Canada, taxation powers, and the ability of incur debt;
  • Measures to promote and enhance Inuit culture in Nunavik, including the use of Inuktitut in a Nunavik Government.

OVERRIDING PRINCIPLES

The Nunavik Government will be a public government, open to all permanent residents of Nunavik. It will respect the authority of the Québec National Assembly and the Canadian Parliament.

The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms (Québec) shall apply to the Nunavik Government.

The design of a Nunavik Government should be innovative in nature. It shall respect the Arctic character of Nunavik, and the close relationship between the Inuit of Nunavik and Nunavut.

The rights of the Cree and the Naskapi, as set out in the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement and the Northeastern Québec Agreement, as well as the rights and obligations of third parties in Nunavik, will be respected.

TIMETABLE

Eight months from its establishment, which can be extended with the consent of the parties to the Accord.

REPORTING

The Nunavik Commission will table its report to the Government of Québec, the organizations that form the Nunavik Party, and the Government of Canada.

FOLLOW-UP

Within three months of tabling its report the members of the Nunavik Commission shall meet the parties, together or separately, to present the results of its work. Following these meetings, Nunavik, Québec, and Canada will begin discussions to establish a process for the establishment of a form of government in Nunavik.

FINANCING

The Nunavik Commission will have a budget of  $770 000. The governments of Québec and Canada will each contribute for $323 000 and the Nunavik Party for $131 000.

November 5, 1999

Signature gouvernementale
Secrétariat aux affaires autochtones
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