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Secrétariat aux affaires autochtones

Attikameks

There are approximately 6,300 Attikameks, who are part of the greater Algonquin linguistic and cultural family. Close to 85% of them live in Manawan, Wemotaci and Obedjiwan, while the others are spread out across Québec. The community of Manawan is located in the Lanaudière region, Obedjiwan is on the north shore of the Gouin reservoir in the Haute-Mauricie region, and Wemotaci is located northwest of La Tuque. The entire population speaks Attikamek and uses French as a second language.

In 1975, the Attikameks teamed up with the Innu nation to found the Conseil des Atikamekw et des Montagnais (CAM). Up until its dissolution in December 1994, this council had been mandated to defend the rights of the two nations within the context of the comprehensive territorial negotiations being carried out with the governments of Canada and Québec. Since 1994, the Conseil de la nation Atikamekw (CNA) has been conducting the negotiations with a view to obtaining recognition of aboriginal and territorial rights as well as the right to self-government.

In 1979, the CAM submitted to the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada a text dealing with its territorial claim, and the negotiations between the CAM and the federal and provincial parties began the following year. In 1994, the CAM split in two; the two nations opted for separate negotiations with the governments. The tribal council in charge of representing the Attikameks adopted the name of Conseil de la nation Atikamekw (CNA). In 2003, the CNA submitted a new agreement-in-principle proposal and re-launched the negotiations.

The Attikameks have created various organizations, such as Services forestiers atikamekw aski and Mamo Ateskewin which bring together the hunters, fishermen, trappers and gatherers of the territory. By way of Atikamekw Sipi (the Conseil de la nation Atikamekw), services are offered to the three communities in several fields: social services, technical services, education, language and culture, economic development, and document management. The general assembly of the CNA is made up of elected members from the three band councils: Manawan, Obedjiwan and Wemotaci. The mission of the CNA is to serve as official representative of all Attikameks at the regional, national and international levels, as well as to engage in the promotion of their rights and interests in the social, economic and cultural spheres.

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Secrétariat aux affaires autochtones
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Last update: May 19, 2009
Online as of: November 11, 2004